Breathing disorders and respiratory illnesses are some of the greatest health problems being faced by people today. They are caused by rising levels of pollutions as well as the presence of a large number of allergens present everywhere. This is especially true of children who are the most affected because of their sensitivity to everything. Diseases like asthma are becoming very common and there is a lot of research being done in this field to develop the best medicines.
In a large number of people, when they overexert themselves, they find that they are out of breath and labour to even take a few proper breaths. This is called dyspnoea or more commonly breathlessness and is a cause for concern as it is an issue that frightens people. It can indicate an asthma attack which is usually relieved with the use of a spacer device that takes the medicine directly to the lungs. Pneumonia and such diseases also cause inflammation of the lungs that causes this problem. This is due to infection and an antibiotic needs to be taken immediately to relieve the swelling. Panic attacks can cause hyperventilation that results in breathlessness as can a silent attack also cause the same. Thus the most important thing to remember in such a situation is to go to the hospital immediately to ensure prompt medical care.
A common respiratory disorder these days is asthma. It is characterised by recurrent, reversible obstruction in the airways. There are a large number of causes of asthma which are very varied in type. The most common cause is the common cold that causes a respiratory infection and results in swelling in the lungs. It can also be caused by intense physical activity and this is called exercise induced asthma. Some allergens like pollen, dust mites, mould etc can also bring on an asthma attack. Irritants like smoke and chemical fumes also trigger an attack. Sometimes even stepping out into the cold air can trigger an attack. These causes vary from person to person and in some cases need not even be external as stress or intense emotion can also bring about an attack. What is important is identifying and then eliminating the causes so that the disease can be controlled.
Asthma is a disease that is quickly becoming very widespread especially among children. It usually begins with a cough that does not allow the child to rest peacefully at night, shortness of breath, tightness and pain in the chest and wheezing. Asthma in children is caused by a great number of reasons like increasing levels of air pollution, a high exposure to tobacco smoke, genetics, a failure to identify the disease in the initial stages and weaker immune systems.